Microsoft, a multinational computer technology corporation, was founded by Bill Gates and his childhood friend Paul Allen. The company with its headquarters at Redmond, Washington, U.S.A deals with inventing, manufacturing and licensing goods and services related to computing and internet.
Bill Gates and Paul Allen designed a version of new Basic Programming language for Altair 8800, the first microcomputer made by MITS. After being successful in selling their product under the name of Altair Basic, they decided to form their own company under the name of Microsoft in 1975. The majority of the products offered by the company related to computing and internet.
Microsoft launched its first operating system version of Unix called Xenix, in 1980. This was later used as the basis for Microsoft’s first word processor which later got succeeded by Microsoft Word.
In 1981, Microsoft wrote an operating system called MS-DOS (Microsoft Disk Operating System) which came to become the first wildly successful operating system. This earned a handsome fortune for Microsoft making it one of the leading soft vendor.
In 1982, Microsoft decided to make the MS-DOS program Microsoft Word mouse-compatible and developed the first PC-compatible mouse. In 1983, Microsoft thus began Microsoft Hardware with its first shipment of mouse.
The same year company released Microsoft Windows, an operating system with graphical user interface and a multitasking environment for IBM computers, adding another feather to its hat.
In 1986, Bill Gates became a billionaire at the age of 31, making the company go public.
In 1989, the company launched Microsoft Office which was a collection of programs including a word processor, spread sheet, a mail program, and many more making it a useful package for offices.
In 1995, Microsoft released Windows 95, which had technologies for connecting to the internet; built in support for speed dial up networking, and TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol), and a web browser Internet Explorer 1.0.
Expanding its horizons in 2001,Microsoft introduced their first gaming unit called the Xbox system. Facing stiff competition from Sony’s Playstation it finally discontinued the Xbox. Later in 2005, Microsoft came up with the newer version in gaming console, the Xbox 360. This was more successful and is still to be seen in the gaming market.
Though work on Windows mobile began as early as 2004, it later got cancelled. The work was started on a new mobile operating system in 2008. Finally Windows Phone 7 was announced in February, 2010 and released publicly in November, 2010. The updated version of Windows Phone 7, Mango was released in may 2011. This version included a mobile version of Internet Explorer 9that supports the web standards and graphical capabilities as the desktop version.