The European Organization for Nuclear Research or better known as known as the CERN is a reputed international concern which was established in the year 1954 in Geneva on the Franco – Swiss border in the North Western suburbs. From years since the concern came into being, it has commenced several scientific researches and has won many awards for it. CERN has total 20 European states as member, although it started with just 12 members. The sole purpose of CERN is to operate the world’s largest particle physics laboratory. People often use the term CERN to many of the large scale laboratories. However there are certain norms and criteria to refer to a laboratory as CERN, the laboratory that employs over 2,400 full-time employees, about 1,500 part-time employees and have nearly 10,000 visiting scientists and experts in respective fields and also the laboratory have to represent at least 608 Universities as well as research facilities and must have 113 nationalities.
CERN has a long history of the existence. There are several functions that CERN perform. The main function that the organization is responsible to provide is the particle accelerators and several other infrastructures for high energy particle physics research. Most of the experiments at CERN are done with international collaborations. CERN is constantly after the growth of the particle physics and it constantly encourages the youth to come forward with brilliant ideas to lead a physics discovery at a great stage. All the members of the CERN, which means all the 20 European countries have opened a contest for the talented scientists who will be contesting for a funding bonanza and the best idea, will receive a sum of $1.3 billion over 10 long years to keep Europe at the first place when it comes to technology and science.